In Part 1, I mentioned of the imperative to modernize agriculture in the country. One investment that Local Government Units should make is in the use of Geographical Information System (GIS) as a tool to analyze patterns and trends on the land.
A research I was in for a national agency a few years back was impeded by the lack of up-to-date land use and land cover data. For instance, the lack of ready shape files and updated maps in agriculture. Thankfully, another agency has produced a more recent (2010) land cover map. But I wondered, if national agencies did not have the right data and information readily, what do you then call the policies they’ve made, the reports? Although, for the country, the lack of land use policies as well as climate change adaptation measures especially at the local level is more the case.
The land use change that has happened along Mountain Trail/Halsema Highway which is mentioned in Part 1 is classified either as parcelization or fragmentation of forest land*.
The featured video differentiates one from the other as well as implications of each on land management. It also shows the utilization of GIS in resource planning and management.
Local Government Unit officials, as urban managers, need information in order to effectively and efficiently manage the City’s growth and development and ultimately facilitate quality of life for it’s citizens. Land use data is key to the analysis of the urbanization processes and problems. These days, it is impossible to produce such data without the aid of modern tools i.e. GIS and remote sensing technologies. The City needs leaders and managers who see the need to make these a priority investment and integrate their use in city planning and management.
At the regional level i.e. LGUs in the Cordillera Administrative Region it is imperative that land use plans integrate local climate change mitigation measures such as reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases (nitrous oxide mentioned in Part 1). Targets to mitigate and adapt to the changing climate should not remain at the global and national levels but rather should be operationalized in localities. Climate change mitigation and adaptation should not and must not be just all words and rah-rahs. Cities and municipalities should explicitly include in their land use and development plans GHG emission targets (hence corresponding financing requirements to achieve these).
*latest forestry statistics (2003) for the country shows only 24% (or, 7.2M ha.) of total land area is forested compared to 70% (or, 21M ha.) in 1900. I don’t even want to go into the state of the remaining “forest” in Baguio City today. Even I, a non-forester, can tell that the trees (along Loakan Road) are dying a torturously slow death. As repeatedly mentioned in this blog, it’s not that we have an inordinate love affair with trees; rather, preservation of the City’s trees and foliage translates into our own preservation as well as that of our children and many others after us.