Philippines’ Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation NDCs

The UNFCCC 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP22) starts 7 November until the 18th in Marrakech, Morocco. To be streamlined and fine-tuned here are nationally determined contributions (NDCs) or pledges countries submitted for the Paris Agreement in 2015 which set out how they would tackle climate change in the next years. Still, NDCs according to Carbon Brief fall well short of achieving the “well below 2C” temperature goal agreed in Paris.

The Government of the Philippines has pledged the following:

Mitigation

To undertake GHG (CO2e) emissions reduction of about 70% by 2030 relative to its BAU scenario of 2000-2030. Reduction of CO2 emissions will come from energy, transport, waste, forestry and industry sectors. The mitigation contribution is conditioned on the extent of financial resources, including technology development & transfer, and capacity building, that will be made available to the Philippines.

Adaptation

The State prioritizes adaptation and adopts it as the anchor strategy as espoused by the National Framework Strategy on Climate Change and subsequently elaborated in its National Climate Change Action Plan. Priority measures needing international support are:

  1. Institutional and system strengthening for downscaling climate change models, climate scenario-building, climate monitoring and observation;
  2. Roll-out of science-based climate/disaster risk and vulnerability assessment process as the basis for mainstreaming climate and disaster risks reduction in development plans, programs and projects;
  3. Development of climate and disaster-resilient ecosystem(s);
  4. Enhancement of climate and disaster-resilience of key sectors – agriculture, water and health;
  5. Systematic transition to a climate and disaster-resilient social and economic growth; and
  6. Research and development on climate change, extremes and impacts for improved risk assessment and management.

Loss and Damage

The Philippine INDC assumes that Loss-and-Damages from climate change and extreme events will not require diversion of substantial resources for rehabilitation and reconstruction thereby adversely affecting the country’s capacity to meet national development targets as well as mitigation commitments under this INDC.

The complete Philippines pledge report is accessible here.

In addition, NDCs of UNFCCC member countries are made available online here.

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